leni riefenstahl film

Olympia is a 1938 Nazi German propaganda sports film written, directed and produced by Leni Riefenstahl, which documented the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin, Germany. Send Email. [10][9] Riefenstahl had a younger brother, Heinz, who was killed at the age of 39 on the Eastern Front in Nazi Germany's war against the Soviet Union. German film director, photographer, actress, dancer, and Nazi propagandist, (from a 1930s postcard honoring Riefenstahl for the, Africa, photography, books and final film, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFTrimborn2008 (, The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Award to German filmmaker spurs debate on her role as propagandist", Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, "Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (August 22 1902 – September 8 2003)", "Salem Senior Loughry Could Be World's Oldest Female Scuba Diver", "Jodie Foster film about Hitler aide angers Jews", "Weeds Episode Scripts N/A – It's Time (Part 1)", "Interview: Kristina Klebe (Hellboy, Slay Belles, Halloween)", Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, "Before Steven Speilberg there Was Leni Riefenstahl! [29] The film took Riefenstahl's career to a new level and gave her further international recognition. [12] She was also athletic, and at the age of twelve joined a gymnastics and swimming club. lavede den meget berømte og imponerende propagandafilm Triumph des Willens. In a state where women played a secondary role to men, Riefenstahl was given a free hand by Hitler to produce propaganda films for the Nazi regime. [51][48] Riefenstahl sued filmmaker Nina Gladitz, who said Riefenstahl personally chose the extras at their holding camp; Gladitz had found one of the Romani survivors and matched his memory with stills of the movie for a documentary Gladitz was filming. Leni Riefenstahl's show-biz experience began with an experiment: she wanted to know what it felt like to dance on the stage. Her role as an actress in S.O.S. [19], In 1933, Riefenstahl appeared in the U.S.-German co-productions of the Arnold Fanck-directed, German-language SOS Eisberg and the Tay Garnett-directed, English-language S.O.S. Riefenstahl became a favourite of German dictator Adolf Hitler in the 1930s, making films for his fascist regime. [79], When traveling to Hollywood, Riefenstahl was criticized by the Anti-Nazi League very harshly when wanting to showcase her film Olympia soon after its release. Helene Bertha Amalie Riefenstahl was born in Berlin on 22 August 1902. Often called Hitler's propagandist, she disclaimed knowledge of or any responsibility for the Holocaust, saying in 1997 to … Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Leni Riefenstahl' and will not need an account to access the content. [39] She arrived in New York City on 4 November 1938, five days before Kristallnacht (the "Night of the Broken Glass"). Her most famous work was Triumph of the Will, a propaganda film showing a Nazi rally in Nuremberg in 1934. [18][19] Upon its 1938 re-release, the names of Balázs and Sokal, both Jewish, were removed from the credits; some reports say this was at Riefenstahl's behest. Leni Riefenstahl's career included work as a dancer, actress, film producer, director, and also a photographer, but the rest of Leni Riefenstahl's career was shadowed by her history as a documentary maker for Germany's Third Reich in the 1930s. Named Lady Helene, this female director is responsible for making the vast majority of the propaganda films said to be playing (most notably a big budget movie detailing how America was "liberated" by Nazis). [9] However, her mother, Bertha Ida (Scherlach), who had been a part-time seamstress before her marriage, had faith in Riefenstahl and believed that her daughter's future was in show business. [40] On 18 November, she was received by Henry Ford in Detroit. [16] At a meeting arranged by her friend Gunther Rahn, she met Arnold Fanck, the director of Mountain of Destiny and a pioneer of the mountain film genre. [70], In 1978, Riefenstahl published a book of her sub-aquatic photographs called Korallengärten ("Coral Gardens"), followed by the 1990 book Wunder unter Wasser ("Wonder under Water"). [58] Even though her film project about modern slavery entitled Die Schwarze Fracht ("The Black Cargo") was never completed, Riefenstahl was able to sell the stills from the expedition to magazines in various parts of the world. [81], Film critic Hal Erickson of The New York Times states that the "Jewish Question" is mainly unmentioned in Triumph des Willens; "filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl prefers to concentrate on cheering crowds, precision marching, military bands, and Hitler's climactic speech, all orchestrated, choreographed and illuminated on a scale that makes Griffith and DeMille look like poverty-row directors". Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (German: [ˈleː.niː ˈʁiː.fn̩.ʃtaːl] (listen); 22 August 1902 – 8 September 2003) was a German film director, photographer, and actress, known for her seminal role in producing Nazi propaganda.[1][2][3]. [86] She was also the subject of Müller's 2000 documentary film Leni Riefenstahl: Her Dream of Africa, about her return to Sudan to visit the Nuba people. [71] In her 90s, Riefenstahl was still photographing marine life and gained the distinction of being one of the world's oldest scuba divers. [9] During the filming of Olympia, Riefenstahl was funded by the state to create her own production company in her own name, Riefenstahl-Film GmbH, which was uninvolved with her most influential works. [9], In the post-war years she was subject of four denazification proceedings, which finally declared her a Nazi sympathizer but she was never prosecuted. [94][95], Riefenstahl appears in the 2019 film Hellboy portrayed again by Kristina Klebe.[94]. [9] She photographed the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, and rock star Mick Jagger along with his wife Bianca for The Sunday Times. In Triumph of the Will, Riefenstahl used traditional folk music to accompany and intensify her shots. [42] The flag serves as a symbol of masculinity, equated with national pride and dominance, that channels men's sexual and masculine energy. Film Estate of Hitler's filmmaker, Leni Riefenstahl, donated to Berlin foundation. Provided with access to Leni Riefenstahl's personal archives and film collection, the author explores her career. [85] Riefenstahl appeared in the film and answered several questions and detailed the production of her films. [9] Lavish sets made these shots some of the most costly of the film. [46], On 14 June 1940, the day Paris was declared an open city by the French and occupied by German troops, Riefenstahl wrote to Hitler in a telegram, "With indescribable joy, deeply moved and filled with burning gratitude, we share with you, my Führer, your and Germany's greatest victory, the entry of German troops into Paris. [54] As Germany's military situation became impossible by early 1945, Riefenstahl left Berlin and was hitchhiking with a group of men, trying to reach her mother, when she was taken into custody by American troops. Ben Morgan comments on Riefenstahl's distortion of sound: “In Triumph of the Will, the material world leaves no aural impression beyond the music. ), look at her films and her point of view. Olympia is a 1938 German documentary film written, directed and produced by Leni Riefenstahl, documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin, Germany.The film was released in two parts: Olympia 1.Teil — Fest der Völker (Festival of Nations) and Olympia 2.Teil — Fest der Schönheit (Festival of Beauty). Leni Riefenstahl, the German filmmaker whose daringly innovative documentaries about a Nazi rally in Nuremberg in 1934 and the Berlin Olympics … Her involvement in Triumph des Willens, however, significantly damaged her career and reputation after World War II, due to the actions the Nazis committed in that conflict. [33][35] Riefenstahl filmed competitors of all races, including African-American Jesse Owens in what later became famous footage. Lady Helene is later met face to face and she is seen to closely resemble Riefenstahl. Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (German: [ˈʁiːfənʃtaːl]; 22 August 1902 – 8 September 2003) wis a German film director, producer, screenwriter, eeditor, photographer, actress, dancer, an propagandist for the Nazis. [19] He saw talent in Riefenstahl and arranged a meeting. [18] By later accounts, Goebbels thought highly of Riefenstahl's filmmaking but was angered with what he saw as her overspending on the Nazi-provided filmmaking budgets. Leni Riefenstahl found fame in Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany. [9], On one of her adventures, Riefenstahl met Luis Trenker, an actor who had appeared in Mountain of Destiny. [34] She was one of the first filmmakers to use tracking shots in a documentary,[35] placing a camera on rails to follow the athletes' movement. "[90], Riefenstahl was portrayed by Zdena Studenková in Leni, a 2014 Slovak drama play about her fictional participation in The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. [9] Even so, Riefenstahl was granted Sudanese citizenship for her services to the country, becoming the first foreigner to receive a Sudanese passport. [46], Film scholar Mark Cousins notes in his book The Story of Film that, "Next to Orson Welles and Alfred Hitchcock, Leni Riefenstahl was the most technically talented Western film maker of her era". [53] Riefenstahl apologized and said, "I regret that Sinti and Roma [people] had to suffer during the period of National Socialism. [76] Kettner said in an interview in 2002, "Ms. Riefenstahl is in great pain and she has become very weak and is taking painkillers". The 1993 film documentary about Riefenstahl by Ray Müller, The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl, is available in videotape and DVD versions. Leni Riefenstahl on the set of “Olympia” Leni Riefenstahl was … [33] She visited Greece to take footage of the route of the inaugural torch relay and the games' original site at Olympia, where she was aided by Greek photographer Nelly's. Although her 1934 documentary "Triumph of the Will" was the most dramatic and influential visual treatment of Nazism and the cult of Adolf Hitler, she maintained until the end that she was not a Nazi. It has gone on record that, immediately following the killings, Hitler ordered all copies of the film to be destroyed, although Riefenstahl disputes that this ever happened. [16] She is protected by a glowing mountain grotto. [64], Riefenstahl traveled to Africa, inspired by the works of George Rodger that celebrated the ceremonial wrestling matches of the Nuba. Where the film does combine diegetic noise with the music, the effects used are human (laughter or cheering) and offer a rhythmic extension to the music rather than a contrast to it. [40], From the Goebbels Diaries, researchers learned that Riefenstahl had been friendly with Joseph Goebbels and his wife Magda, attending the opera with them and going to his parties. The dancer, actress, director and photographer Helene “Leni” Riefenstahl, who died in 2003, is a controversial character, largely because of the many propaganda movies she produced for the Nazis. [20], Despite allegedly vowing not to make any more films about the Nazi Party, Riefenstahl made the 28-minute Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht ("Day of Freedom: Our Armed Forces") about the German Army in 1935. In diesem Film spielte Leni Riefenstahl eigentlich nur mit, weil ihr hier erstmals eine Rolle als Schauspielerin angeboten worden war. [9] The French government confiscated all of her editing equipment, along with the production reels of Tiefland. Hinter den Kulissen des Reichsparteitag Films. [9], Most of Riefenstahl's unfinished projects were lost towards the end of the war. It seemed as if the Earth's surface were spreading out in front of me, like a hemisphere that suddenly splits apart in the middle, spewing out an enormous jet of water, so powerful that it touched the sky and shook the earth". Rather, it is encoded in representation of flags and banners, which were shot in such a way as to make them visually desirable as well as potent political symbols". Riefenstahl distorts the diegetic sound in Triumph of the Will. Leni Riefenstahl, nom de scène d'Helene Amalia Bertha Riefenstahl, née le 22 août 1902 à Berlin et morte le 8 septembre 2003 à Pöcking (Allemagne), est une danseuse, actrice, réalisatrice et photographe allemande. The film was released in two parts: Olympia 1. A New York TimesNotable Book of the Year. [18] Photographs of a potentially distraught Riefenstahl survive from that day. In 2000, Jodie Foster was planning a biographical drama on Riefenstahl, then seen as the last surviving member of Hitler's "inner circle", causing protests, with the Simon Wiesenthal Centre's dean Marvin Hier warning against a revisionist view that glorified the director, observing that Riefenstahl had seemed "quite infatuated" with Hitler. [60] Riefenstahl said she was not aware of the nature of the internment camps. [13], Riefenstahl said that her biggest regret in life was meeting Hitler, declaring, "It was the biggest catastrophe of my life. [9] Many of her filmmaking peers in Hollywood had fled Nazi Germany and were unsympathetic to her. By contrast and paradoxically, the flags, whether a few or hundreds peopling the frame, assume distinct identities".[42]. [9], In 1954, Jean Cocteau, who greatly admired the film, insisted on Tiefland being shown at the Cannes Film Festival, which he was running that year. Dec 21, 2015 - Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (German: 22 August 1902 – 8 September 2003) was a German film director, producer, screenwriter, editor, photographer, actress and dancer. The film is also noted for its slow motion shots. [44][18] On 12 September, she was in the town of Końskie when 30 civilians were executed in retaliation for an alleged attack on German soldiers. [35] Riefenstahl played with the idea of slow motion, underwater diving shots, extremely high and low shooting angles, panoramic aerial shots, and tracking system shots for allowing fast action. [50] From 23 September until 13 November 1940, she filmed in Krün near Mittenwald.

Rifugio Maria Sass Pordoi Come Arrivare, Decadentismo Riassunto Yahoo, Almanacco 27 Gennaio, Leopardo'' In Inglese, Notizie Calcio Ultima Ora Inter, De Gregori Discogs, Nuovo Dpcm 15 Novembre 2020, Nicole Matrimonio A Prima Vista Cognome,